High efficiency lighting solutions, including light emitting diode (LED) technology and controls, offer a unique opportunity to significantly reduce energy consumption in the ASEAN region. At the moment, the poor quality and performance of products available in ASEAN countries undermine consumers’ confidence in efficient technologies. Meanwhile, the absence of harmonized standards and legislation deprives the private sector of a level playing field, which would drive innovation and increase trade opportunities among countries in the region. Furthermore, the perspective of the ASEAN common market, established at the end of 2015, provides a significant opportunity to advance lighting standards harmonization.
UN Environment estimates that a full transition to the most efficient lighting technologies across ASEAN member states could reduce the region’s total electricity use by almost 6 per cent by 2030, with an associated reduction in carbon dioxide emissions of nearly 21 million tones, and cost savings of over $3.5 billion.
In order to reap these benefits, there is an urgent need for common agreement on the priorities at the regional level, coupled with the development of coordinated strategies to achieve a sustainable market transformation to advanced lighting technologies.
UN Environment together with the International Copper Association and ASEAN member states have been working at the regional level to improve energy efficiency of appliances and lighting products through standards harmonization through a collaborative program called ASEAN SHINE. ASEAN SHINE started in 2013 through a regional collaboration on air conditioning, and in 2016 moved to start working on lighting products with funding from the Australian Government and the EU Switch-ASIA regional policy support component.
The collaboration fits within the framework of the strategic objectives of ASEAN Plan of Action for Energy Cooperation (APAEC) and Action Plans and Initiatives of Sub-sector Networks and Specialized Energy Bodies for the APAEC 2016-2025: Phase I (2016-2020). The APAEC is the energy component of the ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint 2015, which directs ASEAN towards achieving energy security and sustainability for the region. In the 4th programme area on energy efficiency and conservation, APAEC defines the development of energy efficiency policy and capacity building, as well as awareness raising and dissemination of information as strategic objectives. Ownership for these objectives is allocated to the ASEAN Energy Efficiency and Conservation Sub Sector Network (EE&C-SSN).
Since 2009, several ASEAN countries have participated in regional discussion and collaboration on the phase-out of inefficient lighting and the promotion of quality efficient lighting through the lites.asia network of regulators and policymakers supported by the Australian Government. At the occasion of a 11th lites.asia regional efficient lighting policy workshop held in Bangkok in February 2015, representatives of ASEAN member countries recognized the benefits and opportunity to harmonize lighting efficiency standards under the ASEAN common market and requested the support of UNEP en.lighten.
The overall objective of the action is to increase energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in ASEAN by means of transforming the lighting market toward high efficiency products.
The general objective of the action is to harmonize relevant test and performance standards for lighting products among ASEAN Member States, as well as establish robust monitoring, verification and enforcement and supportive policies.
The implementation of the project activities contributes to:
• Increasing regional market integration and removal of trade barriers.
• Intensifying energy productivity and limiting energy demand.
• Improving energy security, while limiting greenhouse gases emissions.
• Improved quality and efficacy of efficient lighting and increased consumer confidence and uptake of these products.
Achievements to date
The project in 2016 achieved the following outcomes:
• Formal agreement by the EE&C-SSN to expand the ASEAN SHINE programme to include lighting. The relevance of ASEAN SHINE was noted at the 35th ASEAN Ministers on Energy Meeting (AMEM).
• Formation of the Lighting Policy and Technical Working Group consisting of energy officials from the 10 ASEAN member states.
• 4 stakeholder consultation workshops, including an additional sub regional meeting for Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar.
• A regional lighting market assessment that looked at lighting across the 10 ASEAN member states.
• Adoption of an agreed test method for LED’s and Linear Fluorescent Tubes.
Following the ASEAN SHINE Framework. ASEAN SHINE - Lighting will focus on achieving the following outcomes:
• Harmonized Test Method Standards and ASEAN MRA on laboratory test reports for In-Scope Lighting Products
• ASEAN Regional Policy Roadmap for MEPS
• National Lighting Policy Roadmap and Capacity Building Activities for Policy Makers
• Capacity Building on monitoring, verification and enforcement for Compliance and Enforcement Authorities
• Capacity Building for Local Lighting Manufacturers
• Awareness Raising Campaigns and Activities for End-users